Asst Prof. Dept of Pol Science, Kapili College, Kheroni, K/A, Assam, India. Pin. 782448
Abstract: The movement for distinct Nepali identity in India first originated in Darjeeling under the banner of the All India Gorkha League (1943) under the stewardship Dambar Sing Gurung. Shortly after its foundation the All India Gorkha League (AIGL) started organizing the Nepalese People living scatteredly all over the country. The then province of Assam was also not left unbind by the wave of inculcating some of the distinctive identity among the Nepalese. It resulted in the formation of the Assam Provincial Gurkha League in 1944 at Shillong the then capital of Assam.
The Nepalese settled permanently in Assam ever since the British occupation has become a part and parcel of the greater Assam and Assamese society. With the growth of their numerical strength, and democratization of political system and universalisation of education, there emerged an educated elite among the Nepalese who realized their backwardness and underdeveloped. As a measure to solve their multifold and multifaceted demand, like other ethnic group the Nepalese also formed their organizations. Among these the Assam Gorkha Sammelan and All Assam Gorkha Students’ emerged as a leading organizations to champion the cause of maintaining distinct identity as a means of accelerating the pace of development.