The loss of Netaji was felt by everyone, but most of all it was felt by those who served directly under him. The INA vetrans never got their dues, and those who were left behind had to face enourmous humiliation. Perhaps the person who directly served under Netaji and yet was most humiliated was none other than Gorkhali great Capt. Ram Singh Thakuri, the soldier who gave music to INA songs like "Kadam Kadam Badaye Ja."
Capt. Thakuri was asked by Netaji to re-compose Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore's version of Jana Gana Mana in a martial tune to which INA soldiers could march to. On Netaji's request INA Capt. Abid Ali with the help of Mumtaz Hussain rewrote Gurudev’s Gana Gana Mana (which he had written in Sanskritised Bengali) in Hindusthani as “शुभ सुख चैन - Subha Skhuh Chain ki Barsha Barse” which was adopted as the national anthem (Qaumi Tarana) by the Provisional Free Government of India (Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind) led by Netaji. The original tune for Jana Gana Mana was composed by Gurudev Tagore, however it was Capt. Thakuri who gave it the form we sing it in today.
|Capt. Ram Singh Thakuri seen here welcoming Mahatma Gandhi along with his fellow INA mates|
However, when the then DGHC brought out an AD crediting Capt. Thakuri with giving tune to Jana Gana Mana, many “bhadraloks” were rattled, and they went on to abuse Capt. Thakuri, one of Netaji’s own nephew even went on to the extent of even saying, “[the tune] could not have been composed by a Gorkha." Another Rabindra Sangeet exponent Subinoy Roy had even said, "The anthem was set to tune by none other than Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore; just imagine a Gorkha soldier doing that; after all it requires some knowledge of that class and its basics," which had then prompted CPRM to file a defamation case against Subinoy Roy, one wonders what ever might have been the outcome of that case? [details here: http://goo.gl/aGppe7]
|Letter written by Capt. Lakshmi Sahgal of INA to Ms. Jyoti Thapa Mani, who confirmed |
the Jana Gana Mana martial tune was composed by Capt. Ram Singh Thakuri
Netaji had cherished Capt. Thakuri and his music and it is evident from the fact that Netji had gifted Capt. Thakuri a violin and a saxophone as gifts.
Had Netaji been alive, the controversy over who gave tune to India’s national anthem would never have arisen, and perhaps Gorkhalis would not have to clamour for the right to self-determination so much. He knew the truth and chances are he would have supported the soldiers who fought alongside him. Netaji’s loss is not only a loss for West Bengal, but a loss to all Indians who are patriotic, sincere and honest.
Via The Darjeeling Chronicle